Tomb of Tutankhamen
Tour guide / Amal Hamdy Mohamed
Tutankhamen, the famous king of the 18 th dynasty, who was probably the son of king Akhenaten from a secondary wife.
The tomb is very small and was discovered underneath the tomb of Ramsses VI . It was discovered by chance on 22 ND of November, 1922 by Howard carter, and funded by lord carnarvon.
The tomb is full of precious objects from different precious and semi precious stones : the objects now display at the 2 nd floor at the Egyptian museum in Cairo and the Grand Egyptian museum in Giza.
(A) main Entrance :: sixteen steps descend through the bedrock, it is followed by a corridor originally contained material left over from the funeral feast, as well as material associated with the embalming of the king.
Antechamber :This chamber is long and rectangular, similar to the pillared secon of burial chambers in other tomb, but without pillars. The walls are rough and undecorated, as are all other chamber walls except burial chamber. This chamber held over six hundred objects.
(B) Annex :: This rectangular side chamber is the equivalent to the side chamber used for storage. The chamber contained a disordered array of furniture, baskets, wine Jars, calcite vesels, model boats, and shabtis.
(C) Burial chamber :: The burial chamber is situated right (north) of the antechamber on an east-west axis, and the floor is almost a meter (3 feet) lower than that of the previous chamber. Magical brick niches were cut into each of the four walls of the chamber. The niches were covered by limestone flakes which were then plastered and painted.the chamber held three hundred objects in addition to four shrines inside of which were the Sarcophagus, three coffins, burial mask and mummy of the king. Only this chamber was decorated. The backeround for the scenes was a golden yellow, the figures are in a non-traditional style.
Decorations of the Burial chamber :
East wall :
The decorated upper part of the east wall depicts the mummified king and his name is written above. The king’s shrine is being drágged by 5 groups of men dressed in white and wearing mourning bands upon their brows. The last part with shaven heads and distinguishing dresses, they are 2 viziers of Upper and Lower Egypt.
West wall : Decorated by the book of the Amduat “what is in the another world”The upper part is occupied by the solar barque, preceded by Five deities. Below Squat 12 Baboon deities of the first of the 12 hours of the night through which the sun and the kings must travel before achieving rebirth at dawn.
North wall : 3 different scenes are depicted, the 1 one depicts the Tutankhamun’s heir, the aged Ay wearing the blue crown and dressed in the leopard skin of setem-priest.
The 2 scene, Tutankhamun is represented with the living costume of living king. He has now entered the realm of the gods where he is greeted by the goddess Nut.
The 3 scene, Tutankhamun wearing the nms headdress and followed closely by his ka. The king is welcomed into the underworld by Osiris, king of the dead .
South wall :The king is wearing the khat headdress, he is welcomed to the underworld by Hathor, principal goddess of the west. Behind the stands the embalming deity. Anubis, and followed by Isis and at the end of the scene there are 3 minor goddess of underworld.
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